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How to Draw & Watercolor Butterflies Step by Step: 4 Magnificent Butterflies.

How to Draw & Watercolor Butterflies Step by Step: 4 Magnificent Butterflies.


What if I told you that you can draw and watercolor butterflies by using an easy, systematic process? Capture these elusive, beautiful creatures by practicing the step-by-step instructions in this tutorial. Learn the basics, and then let your creativity loose. 

First, I take you through the drawing and watercolor steps for one butterfly. Next up, I give you an abbreviated version for another three butterflies. In that way, you can see how the process applies to any kind of butterfly. 

How a butterfly inspired this tutorial

Have you ever had a butterfly lead your way? The other day, I went for a walk along a riverbank. All paved in an urban setting. Under a damp, gloomy bridge a large, dark something fluttered past. A bird or a bat? No, it was a big, black swallowtail butterfly with colored markings on the wings. 

When I returned from the opposite direction, it was still there. The local chief butterfly was waiting for me, this time out in the open air. It flew ahead, guiding the way for a while. Swooping down in front of me as if to say, “Look at me, don’t you think I’m pretty?”. 

That was my inspiration for this tutorial. 

Now let’s get to the task. 

The reference photos

I chose each of the four butterflies for the shape of the wings. Butterflies come in an astounding array of shapes and sizes. We’re used to thinking of the monarch butterfly as a kind of standard. Reality is, shapes are as varied as the beautiful, colorful patterns on the wings.

Four beautiful butterflies. Collage.

If you want to explore the wild variety of butterflies on this earth, I recommend Flickr. Many superb wildlife photographers showcase there. Narrow your search with scientific butterfly names OR exotic countries. This will lead to amazing search results. Many photographers add a scientific name to their photos, so just copy and paste that text in your search.

On my Pinterest board Color in Nature: Butterflies & Bugs I have curated a lot of beautiful butterfly photos. 

How to draw realistic butterflies

Photo of butterfly no. 1

Step 1

First, take a close look at the butterfly to suss out the over-all shape. Draw a corresponding, rough geometric shape. Add a centerline.

Draw the shape of the butterfly as a geometric form

Step 2 

Look at the main elements of the shape, and divide accordingly. Still, use only straight lines. 

Add more lines to the geometric shape to form the general design of the butterfly.

Step 3

Draw an outline of the wings within the geometric shapes. Draw horizontal lines so that both left and right wings match up.

Within the shape you now have constructed, draw the outline of the butterfly

Step 4

At this point, you will continue to draw on one side only. The front view butterfly perspective is symmetrical. 

Except, not perfectly symmetrical. Just like a human face. That’s how nature’s design works. You will use this to your advantage when you start painting with watercolor.

Draw the pattern on the left butterfly wing only.

Draw the pattern on the left butterfly wing.

Step 5

Place a piece of tracing paper over your drawing. Make sure to fasten the tracing paper with tape or paper clips. Otherwise, it will slide.

Draw over the left wing with a soft graphite pencil. Draw clear, crisp lines. That’s important for watercolor.

Place tracing paper over the drawing and draw the outline of the left side of the butterfly.

Step 6

Flip the tracing paper over. The graphite drawing should be facing down on your watercolor paper. 

On the blank side of the tracing paper, draw on top of the outline. The push from your pencil will transfer the graphite onto the watercolor paper. 

There will be furrows in the watercolor paper, and not all lines will be clear. Draw over the transferred outline where necessary. 

Transfer the drawing with tracing paper


Transfer the drawing with tracing paper.

Step 7

Turn the tracing paper over again.

Line up the drawing of the left wing next to the right wing (that has already been transferred onto the watercolor paper). 

Draw the outline over the left wing with a graphite pencil. This will transfer the left wing, and you now have a  complete butterfly.

Transferring the butterfly onto watercolor paper.

You now have a complete butterfly.


The complete butterfly.

Freebies- PDF downloads with line art.

If you want to focus on watercolor and transfer the outline of my drawing instead of your own, you can download the free PDF here. One Tree Art Club has several free line drawings that you can transfer onto watercolor paper. Each drawing is related to a tutorial. 

How to watercolor butterflies

Step 1

First, paint with plain water within the outline of the butterfly. 

Then paint with colors such as terracotta, ochre, brown, and a tiny bit of green. Use the water to spread the colors from the center outwards on the wings. Dab more color pigments as you see fit. Paint freely and don't try to make a photo-perfect butterfly!

Painting the watercolor base for the butterfly

Step 2

When all dry, paint the black pattern with dark brown. Add some brown to black to make a very dark brown watercolor.

Watercolor pattern on the wings with a dark brown.

Step 3

Paint the white pattern with white gouache. Gouache is opaque, as opposed to transparent watercolors. Gouache is a form of watercolor paint with highly concentrated pigments. 

By now, the pattern on the wings is no longer perfectly symmetrical. Like a real butterfly.

Paint pattern on the butterfly wings with white gouache.

Step 4

You can stop at step 3, but if you want to go further, now is the time to add colored pencils. 

Retouching with colored pencils

After retouching with colored pencils, I drew on the wings with a tiny bit of white gouache with a dry brush. This to create highlights on the wings. Draw from the center outwards. 

Retouch with colored pencils here and there. I used light grass green on the central body. Browns and dark orange on the wings. 

To complete the artwork, I cleaned up the outlines by painting over the spilled watercolor with white gouache.

And this, my friend, is how you draw and watercolor a butterfly. 

Butterfly watercolor.

For the next three butterflies, I’m adding photos only. You’ll see the same process at work. 

Enjoy drawing and painting butterflies with watercolor!

In pictures: Drawing and watercoloring of 3 more butterflies

Photo of red butterfly

Butterfly sketches


Drawing fine outlines to transfer onto watercolor paper

Completed butterfly drawings

First layer of red watercolor on the wings.

Painting the wing pattern with black watercolor.

Painting the white pattern on the wings with gouache.

The completed butterfly, after cleaning up outlines with white gouache.

Photo of green butterfly

Butterfly sketch

Fleshing out details

Transfer of both butterfly wingsCompleted butterfly drawing

Green and yellow watercolor base

Completed green butterfly

Photo of swallowtail butterfly

Sketching the swallowtail buttterfly

Ochre, back and pink watercolor wash

Completed swallowtail watercolor

Two completed butterfly watercolors

Two completed butterfly watercolors


A bunch of colored pencils used for retouching the watercolor butterflies.

Butterfly coloring page

Visit my shop and explore printable coloring pages with a big, beautiful butterfly, and illustrations of flowers, birds, and animals. Instant PDF downloads.

How to draw and watercolor butterflies

How to draw and watercolor butterflies. Step by step tutorial by Cecilie Okada.

How to draw realistic butterflies. Step by step tutorial

How to draw and watercolor butterflies. Step by step tutorial by Cecilie Okada.

How to draw and watercolor butterflies. Step by step tutorial by Cecilie Okada.

How to draw and watercolor butterflies. Step by step tutorial by Cecilie Okada.

How to draw butterflies. Step by step tutorial by Cecilie Okada.

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